The role of the Town of Lancaster Emergency Management is to protect the
lives and property of citizens before a disaster strikes through
preparedness, training and mitigation, and to reduce human suffering
after a disaster strikes through prompt and effective coordination of
the Town's response and recovery efforts utilizing the expertise and
resources of federal, state, local agencies and voluntary relief
There are 4 phases in Emergency Management: Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery.
- Mitigation is "sustained activities and measures aimed at eliminating
or reducing the long-term risk of property damage and loss of live from
hazards and their effects". This phase includes any activities that
prevent and emergency, reduce the chance of an emergency happening or
reduce the effects of unavoidable hazards. It can occur before or after
an emergency or disaster. Examples include: zoning and building codes
floodplain, buyouts, data analysis to determine where best to place
shelters or temporary housing, educating the public in ways to reduce
loss and injury.
- Preparedness involves establishing authority and responsibility for
emergency actions and having the resources available to support them.
This includes developing written response plans, maintaining facilities
and equipment, installing warning systems, training of staff and
equipping the Emergency Operation Center (EOC) for operation during an
emergency. A key element is developing plans that link the many aspects
of a jurisdictions commitment to emergency management.
- Response is the action taken to save live and property. This may
include warning, evacuating or sheltering the public, search and
rescue, providing medical treatment, maintaining the law, assessing
damage or requesting help from outside the jurisdiction if needed.
- Recovery is the effort to restore the infrastructure and the social
and economic life of a community back to normal after the disaster.
Short term it includes bringing power, telephone etc, back into
service, ensuring social needs of individuals and the community are
met. Long-term goals are restoring economic activity and rebuilding
community facilities and housing.